Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Assignment on manufacturing industries & pictures of jute textile

Q. Why most of the jute industries are located near river Hugli?
A. Most of the jute mills in West Bengal are located near river Hugli, in the narrow belt
Factors responsible for this location are: proximity of jute producing areas
b) inexpensive water transport
c) good network of railways, roadways & waterways to facilitate the movement of raw materials & finished goods.
d) abundant water for processing raw jute.
e) cheap labour from adjoining states of Bihar, Orissa, UP.
f) Kolkata provides banking, insurance & port facilities.
Q. Write about the jute textile industries in India.
A. India is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods and has second place as an exporter after Bangladesh.
--There are about 70 jute mills in India & most of them are located in West Bengal.
--The jute industry supports 2.61 lakh works directly & 40 lakhs small & marginal farmers, many more are engaged indirectly.
--The main markets are U.S.A, Canada, Russia, United Arab Republic, UK, Australia.
Q. What are the challenges faced by the jute industry and what are their solutions?
A. Challenges from the synthetic fibre.
b) Stiff competition in the international market from Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, Philippnies & Thialand.
Solutions—The internal demand has increased due to the govt. policy of mandatory use of jute packing.
b) To stimulate demand the products need to be diversified.
c) The 2005 National jute policy was formulated to raise the productivity, to increase quality, ensure good prices to the farmers & enhancing the yield per hectare.
Q. Write about the sugar industry of India.
A.-- India is the second world producer of sugar but has the first place in the
production of gur & khandsari.
--There are 460 sugar mills in India spread over UP, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, TamilNadu Andhra Pradesh , Gujrat, Panjab, Haryana, &MP.
a) 60% of mills are in Bihar & UP.
b) This industry is seasonal in nature.
c) Is ideally suited to cooperative sector.
Q. Where should sugar mills be ideally located?
Sugar mills should be in proximity to the sugar producing areas because sucrose content in sugarcane start drying as soon as it is cut therefore they need to be quickly transported to the mills.
Q. Why in the recent years there is a tendency for the mills to shift & concentrate in the southern & western states?
This is because the cane produced here has higher sucrose content.
Cooler climate ensures longer crushing season.
Cooperatives are more successful in these states.
Q. What are the major challenges faced by the sugar industries?
A. Seasonal nature of the industry.
B) old and inefficient methods of production
c) transport delay in reaching cane to factories
d) need to maximize the use of baggase.

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