Dear students I am giving a collective reply to your queries. Do go down the post and find answers to your problems.
OVER LAPPING AND CROSS CUTTING DIFFERENCES
A situation in which one kind of social difference becomes more important than the other and people start feeling that they belong to different communities, or when one difference over laps with other differences.
2. Example: a) difference between Black& White becomes a social division in the US because Blacks tend to be poor, homeless and discriminated against.
b)In our country Dalits tend to be poor and landless. They often face discrimination and injustice.
3.It always creates tensions deep social divisions.
If social differences cross-cut another, it is difficult to pit one group against the other.
It means that groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides on different issues.
2.Example: a)In Netherland and in Northern Irelands, both are predominantly christians but divided protestants and catholics. In Northern Ireland, class and religion overlap each other, catholics are poor and discriminated, but in Netherlands they cross-cut each other.both catholics &protestants are likely to be equally rich.
3.these differences are easier to accommodate.
DRY LAND FARMING &WET LAND FARMING
DRY LAND—It is done in the areas which are scarce in water, where rainfall is less than 50 cm.
WET LAND FARMING—It is done in those areas which receive good rainfall.
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES OR EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE
It is a step taken to attract foreign companies to attract investment in India.
(more details are on the page-67, in the box in the economics book.)
Ramagundam—dam &thermal power station are located at different places on the same river.