MCQ /ONE MARK QUESTIONS
Chapter -5 - Popular struggles and Movements
1. In which year Nepal witnessed an extra ordinary popular movement?
a)1990 b)1998 c)2001 d)2006
2. Who were killed in the mysterious massacre of 2001 in Nepal?
a)Prince of Nepal b)King Birendra c)King Gyanendra
3. What were the aims of SPA?
a) Restoration of parliament b) unlimited power to the monarch
c) power to an all party govt. d) a new constituent assembly
5. Who were the Maoists?
a)communists who believed in the ideology of Mao b)democrats who believed in the democratic form of govt. c) members of SPA group d) members of royal family.
6. Which king of Nepal refused to accept democratic rule?
a) King Berendra b) Girija Prasad Koirala c)King Gyanendra
7. Which pressure group seeks to promote collective good/
a)Sectional interest group/pressure group b)public interest group
c) movement groups d)loose organization
8. In which year was Nepal declared as constitutional monarch?
a) 1990 b) 2001 c) 2005 d)2006
9. The city of Cochbamba is related to which issue?
a) Nepal’s popular struggle b) Bolivia water war
c) environmental movement d)Narmada Bachao Andolan
10. What does NAMP signify?
a) National Agreement For People’s Movement b) National Allaince For People’s Mov
c) National Alliance For Public Movement d ) National Allaince For People’s Mobilisation
11.”Third wave” country is used for which country ?
a)India b)Nepal c)Poland d)Bolivia
12. Write full forms of:
13. Narmada Bachao Andolan is an example of?
a) pressure group b) movement c) public Interest group
14. Who sold Water Rights to the MNC?
A)Nepal b)Bolivia c)India
Chapter – 6 -Political parties
1. Who among the following was the founder of BSP?
a)Baba sahib Ambedkar b)Kanshi Ram c) Mayawati d) Jyotibha phule
2. What is the guiding philosophy of BJP?
a)cultural nationalism b) modernity c) bhaujan samaj d) revolutionary democracy
3. On what basis does a country choose its party system?
a) nature of its society)social and regional divisions c)history of politics d) all of the above
4. What do you understand by Defection?
a)Person who is strongly committed to the party
b) person who changes party allegiance from the party on which he got elected to different party c) person who changes a party
5. An Affidavit signifies
a) signed document where a person makes a sworn statement regarding her personal information
b) a law to check menace
c) a legal document to declare academic qualification
6. The word Alliance means:
a) two parties together forming a govt.
b) Leftist and Rightist together forming a govt.
c) when several parties in a multiparty system join for the purpose of contesting elections and winning power.
7.Define coalition govt..
a)govt. of more than two or more political parties
b)govt. of two political parties
c)govt. of two or more regional parties
d)govt. of two or more national parties.
8.What do you mean by political party?
9.Write three components of a political party.
10.Where do all political parties in India have to register themselves?
11.Name any two National and two Regional parties of India.
12.What are ‘recognised political parties’ ?
13.How does a Regional party become a National party?
14. Which Indian political party is one of the oldest party of the world? When was it formed?
15.Name the political party of India that believes in Marxism &Leninism.
Chapter – 7-Outcomes of Democracy
1.The basic outcome of democracy signifies
a) Military rule b) legitimate govt. c) popular participation d)accountable & responsible govt.
2.Democracy is superior to any other form of govt. in promoting:
a) dignity & freedom of individual b) political participation c)secularism
3.The basic elements of democracy are:
i) liberty & equality ii) fraternity & national unity iii) international understanding &broader outlook
iv) universal adult franchise
a) I,ii,iii b) I & ii c)iii & iv d) all of the above
4.On the basis of the rates of the economic growth for different countries during 1955-2000 the best performance has been by:
a) democratic regimes b)dictatorial regimes c)poor countries under dictatorship d) poor countries under democracy
5.Economic growth depends on which of the following:
a)size of the population b)territory c) global scenario d)cooperation among various nations.
6. what do democracies ensure regarding decision making?
a) process of transparency b) decision taken by head of the country
c)decision by council of ministers d)restricted popular participation.
Long & Short Questions
Chapter- 5 - Popular struggles and Movements
1.What were the three demands of SPA (Seven party Alliance) in Nepal?
2. Write about Bolivia’s water war.
3. Write difference between
a) Interest groups & Pressure groups
b) Pressure groups & Political Parties
c)Sectional interest groups and public interest groups
4. Which are different types of Movements? Give examples of each
5. What are public interest groups? How do they look after the public interests?
6. What is single issue movement? How does it differ from a long tem movement? Explain with examples.
7. State three ways of participating in a struggle.
8. Write main features of popular mass struggle for restoring democracy in Nepal.
9. Describe main features of the popular struggle against privatization of water in Boliva.
10. State the similarities and levels of popular mass struggles of Nepal and Bolivia.
11. List various organizations involved in the mass upsurge of Nepal’s struggle movement.
12. How have pressure groups and movements deepened democracy? OR
Is the influence of pressure groups and movements healthy? Discuss.
Chapter – 6 - Political parties
1.Why do we need political parties? OR Meaning of a political party.
2. Mentions the elements / components of a political party.
3. Write about the advantages of Multi-party system?
4. List merits and demerits of Bi-party system.
5. List important National parties and their aims.
6. How are regional parties different from the National Parties?
7.Which is the recently formed National party? Write its objectives.
8.Give some suggestions as to how can the political parties be reformed?
9. What are the conditions fulfilled by any party to become a National Party?
10. Examine the concept of money and muscle power in politics.
11. Define Defection; Affidavit; Partisan.
Chapter – 7-Outcomes of Democracy
1.How does democracy stands superior to any other form of govt. in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual? Explain with an example. OR
2. “Democracy is better form of govt. than any other forms of govt.” Do you agree give reasons to support your stand.
3.Mention the forms of inequalities in democracy.
4.How can we measure democracy on the basis of the expected outcome?
5.Examine the political outcome of democracy.
6.Write a note on economic outcome.
7.Mention two conditions which are needed to achieve peaceful & harmonious life among citizens. OR
Two conditions that a democracy must fulfill to accommodate social diversities.
8.Has democracy led to development, security & dignity of the people?
9.’Examination of democracy never gets over’. Explain
10. ‘Is democratic govt. accountable, responsive and legitimate?’ Explain how?
Chapter -8 Challenges to Democracy
1.How can principles of democracy be applied to all spheres of life?
2.Discuss briefly foudational challenge of making transition to democracy.
3.“Challenge of expansion is very common which an established democracy faces” Comment. OR
“ Most of the democracies of the world face the challenge of expansion and challenge of deepening of democracy” Justify the statement.
4.Write a note on challenge of deepening of democracy.
5.Discuss the expanded scope of democracy in the modern world.
6.Make a list of the guidelines to be kept in mind while devising ways and means for political reforms in India.
7.Examine the features of democracy.
8.What role can citizens play in deepening of democracy?